This was followed by the Rohini series of experimental satellites, which were built and launched indigenously. At present, ISRO operates a large number of earth observation satellites. The IRS series[ edit ] Main article:
Indian mythology is full of stories of interplanetary travels and flights. The modern space- age can be said to have begun with the launching of the Sputniks by Russia. Since then research and efforts in. The landing of man on the moon, the launch of space shuttles, and stations etc.
In the words of American President, Mr. We are well underway with unmanned explorations of the solar system. The beginning was made inwhen India launched its first scientific satellite Aryabhatta I into space, in collaboration with the U.
As we did not have our own rocket-launcher, we were helped by the Russians. However, it gave the country space status.
The second satellite, Bhaskara I, was launched on 7th June, from a Soviet commodore. This kg experimental satellite contained instruments for carrying out remote sensing experiments. Rohini was the first Indian satellite to be launched from the Indian soil, using the indigenous SLV-3 vehicle on July 18 The launch rocket took 12 minutes to put Rohini in its orbit round the earth.
Rohini made a perfect take- off from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. With this India became the sixth country in the world to possess satellite launching capability.
The other members of the space club were the U. It develops and fabricates rockets and satellites, etc.
It has its own rocket launching station at Thumba, near Thiruvananthapuram. It has a great location advantage being very close to the magnetic equator. There is no other rocket launching station in the world close to the magnetic equator.
Similarly, operational Indian Remote Sensing Satellites have made phenomenal progress. The IRS-IC had much better spectral and spatial resolutions, more frequent revisits, stereo viewing and on-board capabilities.
The success of these space efforts marks a great advancement and proof of the scientific, engineering and technological capabilities of the Indian scientists. In the field of developing and manufacturing of space-launch vehicles, as well as components, India has been a leader among the developing countries.
The space programme in India primarily aims at providing space-based services in the areas of communication, meteorology, resources survey and management. In these areas, India has already made significant progress through a well-integrated, self-reliant programme.
Indian space research has not only enhanced the communication capabilities, but now it is also being widely used for providing advanced disaster warning, search and rescue measures, and distance education in remote areas. Similarly, space remote sensing is providing vital inputs for agriculture, soil, forestry, land and water resources, environment, minerals, ocean development, and in the management of drought and flood disasters.
The scientists, technologists, engineers and technicians working in these prestigious institutions ensure steady progress in the field as they are exceptionally talented, devoted and ambitious. India is sure to achieve much more, in the use of space, both for the purpose of peace and for defence.
Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma was the first Indian to go into space. It happened on 3rd April,at Baikanour cosmodrome in Kazakhstani. Thus, India became the 14th nation to have sent a man into space. Kalpana Chawla became the first Indian lady to go into space in November, The 42 year old dynamic lady had the proud and rare privilege to embark on her second space voyage on January 16, But, tragically, on her return journey aboard the space shuttle, Columbia, on February 1,there was an explosion minutes before landing, killing her and all the other crew members.Indian Space Programme Introduction/Significance of the Study: India is a country that has broken free of the shackles of their colonial past and emerged as a s.
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It will provide enhanced capacity for education and literacy programmes relevant to rural areas.